“A barren jut of concrete at the intersection of Dundas and Roncesvalles.” That’s how community mover shaker Abby Bushby described what is now a welcoming public space called the Dundas Roncesvalles Peace Garden. Abby was inspired by a combination of natural, military and Indigenous history. The catalyst was the 200th commemoration of the War of 1812 and the opportunity to become part of an international Bicentennial Peace Garden Trail Network. “The idea was to commemorate the end of conflict to create a place of quiet and tranquility.”
The shape of Dundas Street West and its distinctive, sharp bend to the north at the Dundas Roncesvalles intersection is because the land immediately to the west and north was once swamp in what is now the northern section of High Park. Roncesvalles ends here, where it merges with Dundas. If you can’t picture the intersection, but you know the movie, Hairspray, this is the intersection that was the principal location of Toronto as Baltimore and the famous street dance scene.
During the War of 1812, Anishinaabe warriors likely used this route and retreated along it from the Battle of York after the Town fell to the American invaders on April 27, 1813. Within months following the invasion, the military improved the road as part of the defensive improvements to protect Upper Canada.
There is a detailed military reconnaissance of the area, created in 1868, published on page 72 in Derek Hayes’ Historical Atlas of Toronto. It’s one of the earliest topographical maps of the city, showing the area from Humber Bay to Davenport Road, the Humber River just west of Roncesvalles. It is featured on a plaque at the Peace Garden which was paid for jointly by the Roncesvalles Village BIA and the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation.
The group of citizens that engaged around the project wanted to honour the 1812 Battle of York when Canadians of both immigrant and aboriginal status fought side by side to fend off American invaders, and to open a new relationship with the descendants of the veteran Indigenous warriors.
One of the most exciting parts of the project is the artwork on the site’s traffic signal box painted by indigenous artist Monique Bedard (Aura). Her work combines ideas of healing and movement and femininity. Monique took a crash course in the history with Abby. With Nancy King and Jesseca Buizon helping, they worked intensely for three days. One passerby, the owner of the Boxing Gym up the street, was so impressed with the work he got them to paint the huge Boxing Gloves that mark the entrance to Bloor St. Boxing and Fitness at 2295 Dundas.
Shortly after, Meg Graham of superkül architects, whose offices are across the street from the Peace Garden, hired Monique and Nancy to paint the doors between Noodleholic and superkül. The two works, now create a colourful definition to one to the bleakest parts of Dundas.
The whole project was a textbook case of a community being engaged in telling its story and creating a new public space. “The idea.” Abby said, “was to include as many community groups as possible.” The project had the support of City Councillor Gord Perks, the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation, the Roncesvalles Village BIA, Horticultural Societies of Parkdale, Roncesvalles MacDonnell Residents Association, Sunnyside Historical Society, Toronto Public Space Initiative, Romero House, Bishop Marrocco/Thomas Merton Secondary School, RoncyWorks, and City of Toronto’s Museums Services, Economic Development and Beautiful Streets Program.
Designed by Mary Tremain of PLANT Architect, the Peace Garden provides a space for contemplation and community gathering. The 72-metre-space contains wooden benches, flowering perennials, grasses, and tress reflecting contemporary and heritage varieties local to the High park area. Granite paving tiles comprise the walkways, known as the Peace Path. These are the result of a joint art project between youth from the Roncesvalles and Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation communities.
When the park finally opened in June of 2016, the whole community shared in the celebrations which were co-officiated with the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation and the Friends of Dundas Roncesvalles Peace Garden. Follow them on Facebook to keep up with the DRPG programmes and activities.